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Kapova Cave


Kapova Cave Horse painting


Kapova Cave is a famous Russian Palaeolithic cave. It has painted mammoths, rhinos, horses and a bison on its walls. They were dated by O. N. Bader as being from the end of the Upper Palaeolithic. The cave has two levels, the paintings are mainly in the upper level at some distance from the entrance. This fact is typical for palaeolithic paintings and a source for speculation about the meaning of the paintings. Excavations revealed a layer with human remains, debris from the wall paintings, animal bones and charcoal. The charcoal was dated with the 14C method to be 14 680 ±150 years old. Among the animal bones were cave bear bones. Kapova Cave is a complex natural monument with multiple grottos and halls connected by passages on various levels. The walls of the cave are rich in calcite deposits of all kinds of forms and sizes. An underground river flows out of the cave and forms the Blue Lake at its entrance. It is named after the blue colour of the water, caused by the high amount of lime in the water, which is best seen on sunny days around midday, when sunlight shines into the cave and on the lake.

Photo: Horse, Kapova Cave, Abramov et al. (1984)
Text above adapted from http://www.showcaves.com/english/ru/caves/Kapova.html

Kapova Cave environs




This is the sharp bend of the Belaya River in the Shulgan-Tash nature reserve, near where Kapova Cave is situated.

Photo: drews via Panoramio.




Kapova Cave environs




Kapova Cave marked with its latitude and longitude on the Belaya River in the Shulgan-Tash nature reserve.

Photo: Google Earth




Gagarino Kostienki Display

Distribution of mobile art in Eastern Europe.

1 Staryé Duruitory, 2 Brynzeny, 3 Kosseoutzy, 4 Klimaoutzy, 5 Suren' 1, 6 Chan-Koba, 7 Apiantcha, 8 grotte d'Uvarov, 9 Sakagia, 10 Sagvardgilé, 11 Gvardgilas-Kldé, 12 Devis-Khvreli, 13 Taro-Kldé, 14 Molodova V, 15 Lissitchniki, 16 Lipa VI, 17 Klinetz, 18 Ossokorovka, 19 Dubovaya Balka, 20 Kaïstrovaya Balka, 21 Mejiritch (Mezhirich), 22 Kievo-Kirillovskaya, 23 Mézine (Mezin), 24 Novgorod Severskyi, 25 Puchkari I, 26 Dobranitchevka, 27 Gontzy, 28, Rogalik, 29 Amvrossievka, 30 Eliseevitchi I, 31 Eliseevitchi II, 32 Yudinovo, 33 Khoylevo II, 34 Timonovka, 35 Suponevo, 36 Avdeevo, 37 Sungir', 38 Gagarino, 39 Kostienki 19, 40 Kostienki 21, 41 Kostienki 13, 42 Kostienki 1, 43 Kostienki 14, 44 Kostienki 12, 45 Kostienki 17, 46 Kostienki 2, 47 Kostienki 11, 48 Kostienki 4, 49 Kostienki 15, 50 Kostienki 9, 51 Kostienki 8, 52 Borchtchevo 1, 53 Borchtchevo 2, 54 Ilskaya, 55 Murakovka, 56 Ostrovskaya, 57 Bez'imyannyi, 58 Smelobskaya, 59 Kapova, 60 Ignatievskaya.

Photo: Abramova (1995)




Kapova Cave entrance




Kapova Cave entrance.

Photo: Ivan Shkalikov via Panoramio.




Kapova Cave plan




Kapova Cave plan.

Photo: E.D. Borodanovich, I.K. Kudryashova (Bashkir State University)

Фото: Е.Д. БоrДановича, И.К. Кудряшова (БашкирскИй Государственный Университет)

Proximal Source: http://www.ceara.ru/Kapova_2015/maps/2008_liachnitski.jpg and http://www.ceara.ru/

Проксимальный источник: http://www.ceara.ru/Kapova_2015/maps/2008_liachnitski.jpg а также http://www.ceara.ru/




horses




Kapova Horses.

Photo: Scelinskij and Sirokov (1999)

Proximal Source: http://www.ceara.ru/

Проксимальный источник: http://www.ceara.ru/




Kapova Cave Mammoth painting




Mammoth, Kapova Cave.

Photo: Abramov et al. (1984)




Kapova Cave Blue Lake Kapova Cave Blue Lake




Kapova Cave Blue Lake, the lime in the water making the lake blue when the sun shines on it.

Photo: Ivan Shkalikov via Panoramio.




Kapova Cave Mammoth painting




Mammoth, Kapova Cave.

Photo: Abramov et al. (1984)




Kapova paintings




Kapova Cave, paintings of mammoths.

Photo: Ivan Shkalikov via Panoramio.




Kapova Cave panel




Horse, mammoth and rhinoceros painted in red in Kapova cave.

Photo: http://www.arretetonchar.fr/




Kapova paintings




Kapova Cave, paintings of mammoths, a horse, and a rhinoceros.

Photo: Ivan Shkalikov via Panoramio.

Photo taken in Burzyanskiy, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia




Kapova Cave horse painting

Another version of the panel above.

Photo: SaganZ
Permission: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
Source: Wikipedia




Kapova Cave Wooly Rhinoceros painting




Wooly Rhinoceros, Kapova Cave.

Photo: Abramov et al. (1984)




Kapova Cave Mammoth painting




Horse, Kapova Cave.

Photo: Abramov et al. (1984)




Kapova Cave horse painting

Horse, Kapova Cave.

Photo: Vladislav Zhitenev/Lomonosov Moscow State University
Proximal source: https://phys.org/news/2017-11-scientists-upper-paleolithic-cave-camel.html




Kapova Cave horse painting

This is the setting for the panel above.

Photo: Alexey Solodeynikov
Source: http://www.ceara.ru/




Kapova Cave camel painting Kapova Cave camel painting



Double humped camel, Kapova Cave. An ancient image of a two-humped camel has been discovered in the Kapova cave (Southern Urals). The age of the painting is preliminarily estimated to be between 14 500 and 37 700 BP, a time when there were no camels in the Southern Urals. This discovery confirms researchers' belief that artists in the Upper Paleolithic could migrate over long distances.

The image of a camel's shape is painted in red ochre and partially outlined with charcoal. This unique discovery was made by Eudald Guillamet, a well-known restorative specialist from Andorra, who was invited by the State Office of Protection of Cultural Heritage of Bashkiria to clean the cave of graffiti.

'This painting, cleared on the polychrome panel 'Horses and Signs', which has been well-known since the late 1970s, has no analogues in the art complexes of the caves of France and Spain, but does have some resemblance to the camel painting from the Ignatievskaya cave. Now it will probably become a significant image in the Upper Paleolithic cave bestiary of the Southern Urals,' says V.S. Zhitenev, head of Moscow State University's South Ural archeological expedition and leading researcher for the Kapova and Ignatievskaya caves.

Photo (left): Vladislav Zhitenev/Lomonosov Moscow State University
Proximal source: MSU Press Service

Photo (right): look4ward.uk.co, public domain
Proximal source: http://rockartblog.blogspot.com.au/

Text: https://phys.org/news/2017-11-scientists-upper-paleolithic-cave-camel.html









References

  • Abramov A., Anikovich M., Bader N., Boriskovsky P., Lubin V., Praslin N., Rogachev A., А. АБРАМОВА, М. В. АНИКОВИЧ, Н. О. БАДЕР, П. И. БОРИСКОВСКИЙ, В. П. ЛЮБИН, Н. Д. ПРАСЛОВ, А. Н. РОГАЧЕВ, 1984: Archaeology of the USSR. 1984, Nauka, Moscow, 1984
  • Abramova Z., 1995: L'Art paléolithique d'Europe orientale et de Sibérie., Grenoble: Jérôme Millon.
  • Clottes J., 2003: Chauvet Cave: The Art of Earliest Times, University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, 2003
  • Scelinskij E., Sirokov V., 1999: Höhlenmalerei im Ural, (Cave painting in the Urals - Kapova and Ignatievka), transl. G. Bosinski, Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Sigmaringen, 1999

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