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Combe-Capelle, a Neanderthal site in Southern France Back to the Combe Capelle site




Combe-Capelle Tools


Combe-Capelle is a Mousterian / Neanderthal site situated in the Couze valley in the Périgord region of Southern France. Henri-Marc Ami carried out excavations there from the late 1920s until his death in 1931. In 1925 the Mousterian site of the Haut de Combe-Capelle was excavated under the direction of Peyrony, and on his advice the Canadian Doctor Henri-Marc Ami opened a trench in the bottom portion of the slope, perpendicular to the departmental road, a year later. (Lenoir 1995)

Some years later Denis Peyrony, Peyrony (1943a and 1943b), described the stratigraphy of Roc de Combe-Capelle and Combe-Capelle Bas, where the excavations had been interrupted by the death of Henri-Marc Ami in 1931, and also prepared an inventory of the principal sites of the Perigord. This is a record of the tools found there by Ami and Peyrony, recorded and catalogued by Peyrony after the death of Ami, and on display at Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac.


Combe-Capelle tools
Combe-Capelle tools from Layer A, excavations of Denis Peyrony.

Age circa 37 000 BP.

■   6: Grattoirs, scrapers on the end of a blade
■   7: Burins
■   8: Retouched tools
■ 13: Armatures, tools

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals, Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Combe-Capelle tools
Combe-Capelle tools from Layer A, excavations of Denis Peyrony.

Age circa 37 000 BP.

■   8: Retouched tools
■ 13: Armatures, tools

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals, Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Combe-Capelle tools
Combe-Capelle tools from Layer A, excavations of Denis Peyrony.

Age circa 37 000 BP.

■ 11: Notched/denticulated tools
■ 12: Racloirs/raclettes, side scrapers and small, often round scrapers
■ 15: Special tools
■ 16: Bone industry

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals, Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac









References

  1. Lenoir, M., 1995: The Middle Paleolithic Site of Combe-Capelle Bas (France), UPenn Museum of Archaeology, 1995 - History - 363 pages
  2. Peyrony, D., 1943a: Combe-Capelle, Bulletin de la Société préhistorique de France, Année 1943 Volume 40 Numéro 10 pp. 243-257
  3. Peyrony, D., 1943b: Le Gisement Du Roc De Combe Capelle (Commune de Saint-Avit-Sénieur, Dordogne), Bulletin Société historique Périgord , 0, 1943, S. 156–173, (Périgueux).



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