Recent additions, changes and updates to Don's Maps


Navigation


Back to Don's Maps


Back to Cave Paintings Index Page


Cave Paintings and Sculptures Page 3

Click on the photos to see an enlarged version

Clay Bison
Bison bull and cow, modelled in clay in the rotunda of the Tuc d'Audoubert, Ariege.

The sculptures are 63 and 61 cm long respectively from left to right. They probably cracked shortly after being made, as the clay dried. Although there are stalactites and stalgmites elsewhere in this cave system, there is no water dripping from the ceiling to destroy these sculptures. They are located at the very furthest point of a 900 metre cave, in a chamber reached only after an often uncomfortable and difficult journey.

Photo: P. Bahn 'Prehistoric Art'


bison


Head on view of clay bison, showing the flattened relief used.

Photo: A. Sieveking 'The Cave Artists'


mammoth sculpture

Count Bégouën and his three sons, photographed at the entrance to Le Tuc d'Audobert in 1912, shortly after the discovery of the clay bison.

Photo: Secrets of the Ice Age by Evan Hadingham





Trois Frères

Entrance to the sanctuary of Trois Frères at Montesquieu-Avantès in the Province of Ariège, France.

Photo: Breuil (1979)


Plan of the Trois Freres cave in France
Plan of Les Trois Freres and Le Tuc D'Audoubert, two separate and now abandoned subterrranean galleries of the Volp River.

Photo: A. Sieveking 'The Cave Artists'


bison pebbleAn engraving of a bison on a limestone pebble from Laugerie Basse. It may have been a preparatory sketch for a painting in one of the caves.

Note the way the hooves are pointed down, not in a naturalistic position. It may be that the sketch was made from 'life' - a bison kill.

Photo: Man before history by John Waechter



bison mud mapHead of a bison drawn with the fingers on the clay floor at Niaux, French Pyrenees. It lies over half a mile from the cave entrance. Dating from the Madalenian period, it measures 24 inches (60 cm) in length.

Photo: Man before history by John Waechter





VulvaOiseaux stylisés de Malta (Sibérie). Collection Musée de l'Hermitage.

Stylized birds of Malta (Siberia). Collection Musée de l'Hermitage.

Photo and French text: "les mammouths - Dossiers Archéologie - n° 291 - Mars 2004"


My thanks to Anya for access to this resource.





mammoth sculpturemammoth sculpturemammoth sculpture
Click on each image to see a close up

Mammoth figurine no.1, bone, from New Avdeevo
Photo: M. Gvozdover, 'Art of the Mammoth Hunters'

mammoth sculptureClick on the image to see a close up

Mammoth figurine no.2, sandstone, from New Avdeevo
Photo: M. Gvozdover, 'Art of the Mammoth Hunters'

mammothStatuette de mammouth de Kostienki 1. Collection MAE. Photo L. Iakovleva.

Mammoth figurine from Kostienki 1. Collection MAE.

Photo and French text: "les mammouths - Dossiers Archéologie - n° 291 - Mars 2004"
Photograph L Iakovleva.

My thanks to Anya for access to this resource.



horse sculptureClick on the image to see a close up

Horse figurine, mammoth ivory, from New Avdeevo
Photo: M. Gvozdover, 'Art of the Mammoth Hunters'

cave lion
A cave lion carved in reindeer antler, from Isturitz, Basses Pyrenees. The holes and the arrows carved in the sculpture have been interpreted as magical symbols.

Photo: T. Powell 'Prehistoric Art'


wall engravings
Panel of engravings on the right hand wall of the Sanctuary in Les Trois Freres, Ariege. Width of panel 285 cm

Photo: A. Sieveking 'The Cave Artists'


Sorcerer
The Sorcerer

This is a famous sketch of an engraving of a fabulous creature, from Les Trois Freres, sketched by Breuil.

Photo: J. Jelinek 'The Evolution of Man'


ivory horse ivory horse


cheval de lourdes Three dimensional sculpture of a horse carved in ivory, with coat and markings shown by engraved shading, from the Grotte des Espelugues, Lourdes, Hautes Pyrenees. Length 7.5 cm. Discovered in 1886 in a crevice in the Grotte. Musee de Saint-Germain-en-Laye

Photos: (top) A. Sieveking 'The Cave Artists'
(centre) http://www.primtech.net/ivory/ivory.html
(bottom) http://www.musee-antiquitesnationales.fr/pages/page_id18167_u1l2.htm


Horse head
Madgdalenian horse head carved in bone - one of the most beautiful examples of prehistoric carving. Found in a cave excavation, its date is fixed to about 14 000 BP. The structure of the bone did not allow for carving in the round, and the reverse side is flat.

Photo: Man before history by John Waechter



horse sculpture




Abri du Roc-aux-Sorciers, cave Taillebourg, Angles-sur-L'Anglin (Vienne). Tête de cheval en deux fragments.

Abri du Roc-aux-Sorciers, cave Taillebourg, Angles-sur-L'Anglin (Vienne, France). Head of a horse in two pieces.

Photo from: Agenda de la Préhistoire 2002 - 2003, a superb diary with excellent illustrations sent to me by Anya. My thanks as always.



Roc-aux-Sorciers
Roc-aux-Sorciers is an Upper Paleolithic rock shelter site dating to the mid-Magdalenian cultural stage, ca 14 000 BP, made famous by its relief wall carvings. The south-facing rock-shelter is composed of two geologically distinct sections; below is the Abri Bourdois, a classic rock-shelter site beneath a slight overhang, and above is the Cave Taillebourg, a deeper vestibule. The art of Roc-aux-Sorciers is in two distinct categories - a 20 metre long frieze, still standing, not open to the public, and a series of sculptures, formerly on a wall of a collapsed section of the site.


ivory horse

Photo: http://www.perigord.tm.fr/~pip/liste_docs.htm


horse
Horse with coat markings shown by hatched shading. Salon Noir, Niaux, Ariege. Length 30 cm

Photo: A. Sieveking 'The Cave Artists'


HorseCaverne de Niaux (Ariège)

Salon Noir, Cheval barbu
Black room, bearded horse

Photo from: Agenda de la Préhistoire 2002 - 2003, a superb diary with excellent illustrations sent to me by Anya. My thanks as always.



niauxCaverne de Niaux (Ariège)

Successive paintings, one on top of the other

Photo from: Man before History by John Waechter



FootprintsCaverne de Niaux (Ariège), galeries profondes. Empreintes de pieds

Caverne de Niaux, (Ariège), lower galleries. Footprints

Photo from: Agenda de la Préhistoire 2002 - 2003, a superb diary with excellent illustrations sent to me by Anya. My thanks as always.


HorseLe Portel (Ariège), Cheval

Le Portel (Ariège), Horse

Photo from: Agenda de la Préhistoire 2002 - 2003, a superb diary with excellent illustrations sent to me by Anya. My thanks as always.



horse
Horse with striped legs, Ekain, Guipuzcoa, Basque area, in black. Length 75 cm

Photo: A. Sieveking 'The Cave Artists'


horse
Dun Devonshire pony with shoulder and leg stripes, illustrated by Darwin.

Photo: A. Sieveking 'The Cave Artists'


dun horsedun horse
A dun pony near Silver City NM, as well as his dad and brother. Note the similar markings to the dun Devonshire pony above.

Photo: Jeff and Helena Hammer, near Silver City, New Mexico, USA.


These horses have been brought back from the edge of extinction, and there is a good website describing them at
http://www.spanish-mustang.org/startsms.htm

Helena Hammer writes: It may be that Darwin's dun pony was not so much a surviving individual of a vanished equine race, but more the result of what biologists call an atavism, a throwback to a primitive trait, in this case the original coloring of horses. As I understand it, this sometimes occurs when long isolated populations are reunited. Mules (ass x horse) are an excellent example. Something akin to their common ancestor's coat pattern, as well as other interesting physical attributes, can reemerge.

dun horsedun horse
A little sister and a filly with good markings. Usually colts have better markings than fillies, but this one is exceptional.

Photo: Jeff and Helena Hammer, near Silver City, New Mexico, USA.


The following information comes from http://www.spanish-mustang.org/startsms.htm

Color

Always regular dun or grulla (no red dun), typically a rather light shade. Face/muzzle dark, and dark around the eyes. A mealy mouth is not acceptable. Ears are outlined black in front and back, with whitish rim; tipped black on backside, sometimes also striped on backside. Fawn-colored tuft inside ear. Bi-colored mane and tail = the black middle part is fringed by light-colored, often almost white, hair. A dorsal stripe must be present; cobwebbing on forehead, zebra stripes on legs, neck stripes, shoulder stripes, and fishbone markings on the back are all desirable, although not always present. White markings are atypical and undesirable.

Plan of the Niaux cave in France
Plan of the Niaux cave in France

Photo: E. Pfeiffer 'The Creative Explosion'


Plan of the Lascaux cave in France
Plan of the Lascaux cave in France

Photo: E. Pfeiffer 'The Creative Explosion'


Plan of the Altamira cave in Spain
Plan of the Altamira cave in Spain

Photo: E. Pfeiffer 'The Creative Explosion'


fig99.gif
Tableau des principaux caractères du style IV. A. Nord : Arcy-sur-Cure. B. Poitou-Périgord : (1) Les Combarelles, Angles-sur-l'Anglin, Cap-Blanc, Lascaux (Puits) ; (2) Les Combarelles, Rouffignac ; (3) Teyjat. C. Pyrénées : (1) Marsoulas, Niaux, Labastide ; (2) Les Trois-Frères, Le Portel. D. Espagne : (1) Altamira, Santimamiñe; ; (2) Las Chimeneas, El Pindal, Los Casares.

This is an excellent organisation of the drawing styles from some French and Spanish caves.

The columns left to right are of:
Signs, Bison, Aurochs, Horses, Ibex, Reindeer, Mammoths/Deer, Rhinoceros.
Photo: Marc Groenen, 'Pour une histoire de la Préhistoire'


References

  1. Breuil, H., 1979: Beyond the Bounds of History, Scenes from the Old Stone Age, Gawthorn, 1979, reprinted from the edition of 1949, London.





Back to Don's Maps


Back to Cave Paintings Index Page